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HP-UX System Administration

This Hewlett Packard HP-UX System Administration training course is designed to give delegates practical experience in the administration of an HP-UX UNIX System.  Reference will be made to the HP-UX command line, including using the System Management Homepage (SMH) to achieve the course exercises and objectives.

On completion of the HP-UX System Administration course the delegate will have a greater awareness, both technical and practical, of the key tasks required to administer an HP-UX system, and completing these tasks by interacting via the command line or the System Management Homepage (SMH

Who will the Course Benefit?

The HP-UX System Administration course is designed for System Administrators and Programmers and other Technical IT staff who require a working knowledge of the key tasks required to administer an HP-UX system.

Learning Objectives

The delegate will learn and acquire skills as follows:

  • HP-UX Server Range
  • Managing Users and Groups
  • Navigating the HP-UX File System
  • System Management Homepage
  • Booting PA-RISC and INTEGRITY Systems and Shutdown
  • Logical Volume Manager
  • File System Management
  • Managing Swap Space
  • Maintaining Logical Volumes and File Systems
  • Preparing for Disasters
  • Accessing the System Console and the iLO-MP
  • HP-UX Kernel Configuration
  • Configuring Device Special Files (DSF)
  • Managing Software with SD-UX
  • Managing Patches with SD-UX
  • Ignite-UX

Pre-Requisites

The course assumes knowledge of the HP-UX Operating System to the level covered in the HP-UX Introduction Course.

Some shell programming experience may also prove advantageous; this can be gained on the HP-UX Shell Programming Course.

This HP-UX System Administration course assumes good knowledge of a Unix operating system in an Enterprise environment to the level covered in the HP-UX Introduction course. 

Alternatively, relevant experience of UNIX or Linux servers is required, preferably within an Enterprise environment. Knowledge of HP-UX Shell Programming to the level covered on the HP-UX Shell Programming course would also be beneficial.

Course Content

DAY 1

Course Introduction

  • Administration and Course Materials
  • Course Structure and Agenda
  • Delegate and Trainer Introductions

Session 1: THE HP SERVER RANGE

  • HP Integrity Series Servers
  • HP Integrity Entry-Class Servers
  • HP Integrity Mid Range Servers
  • HP Integrity Superdome Servers
  • HP 9000 Series Servers
  • HP 9000 Superdome
  • HP Servers RP8420-32
  • HP 9000 RP4440 Server
  • Node Partitioning Support

Session 2: MANAGING USERS AND GROUPS

  • Managing Users
  • The /etc/passwd File
  • Adding an Entry to the /etc/passwd File
  • The /etc/shadow File
  • The pwconv and pwunconv Commands
  • The /etc/group File
  • Adding an Entry to the /etc/group File
  • Managing User Accounts
  • The useradd Command
  • The usermod Command
  • The userdel command
  • Deactivating and Reactivating a User Account
  • User Group Maintenance
  • Managing Groups
  • Password Ageing and Password Security Policies
  • The passwd command

Session 3: NAVIGATING THE HP-UX FILE SYSTEM

  • Unix File System Hierarchy
  • Static and Dynamic Files
  • HP-UX System Directories
  • Searching for Files and Executables

Session 4: SYSTEM MANAGEMENT HOMEPAGE (SMH)

  • SMH Introduction
  • Starting SMH
  • SMH Login Screen
  • Navigating the SMH Software
  • SMH Command Line Interface Configuration
  • Text Based SMH

HP-UX System Administration Training Course

Course Contents - DAY 2

Session 5: BOOTING PA-RISC AND INTEGRITY SYSTEMS AND SHUTDOWN

  • System Startup Process for an HP PA-RISC Server
  • ISL (Initial System Loader) & Autoboot
  • Enabling and Disabling Autoboot
  • Manually Booting HP-UX in Single User-Mode
  • Recovering from a Lost root Password
  • Booting to LVM Maintenance State
  • Booting from an Alternate Kernel
  • Understanding Hardware Addresses
  • Booting from Another Disk
  • HP Integrity Server Booting Differences
  • The init Procedure
  • System Run States
  • Using Unique Keywords
  • System Startup Procedures
  • The rc Process
  • Sequencer Directories
  • Kill Scripts
  • Execution Scripts
  • Contents of the Template File
  • Configuration Files
  • Changing the /etc/inittab File
  • Shutdown and rc
  • Shutdown Permissions
  • The reboot Command

Session 6: LOGICAL VOLUME MANAGER (LVM)

  • Disk/File System Configuration
  • Logical Volume Manager
  • LVM Version 1 Limits
  • LVM Version 1, 2.0 And 2.1 Comparison Table
  • LVM DSF Directories
  • Benefits of Persistent DFS Naming
  • Creating Physical Volumes
  • Displaying Physical Volumes
  • Creation of Volume Groups
  • Creating a 1.0 Volume Group
  • Creating a 2.x Volume Group
  • Displaying Volume Groups
  • Creating Logical Volumes
  • Displaying Logical Volumes
  • An Introduction to Mirroring and Disk Striping
  • Quorum
  • Glossary of Common HP LVM Commands

HP-UX System Administration Training Course

Course Contents - DAY 3

Session 7: FILE SYSTEM MANAGEMENT

  • File System Structure
  • File Systems Types
  • Creating File Systems
  • Special newfs Arguments
  • Blocks and Fragments
  • Mounting File systems
  • Checking the File System Table
  • Using the /etc/fstab File
  • Unmounting File Systems
  • Mounting and Unmounting CDFS File Systems
  • Mounting and Unmounting LOFS File Systems
  • Mounting a ISO Image
  • How To Mount a MemFS File System

Session 8: MANAGING SWAP SPACE

  • HP-UX Memory Concepts
  • HP-UX Swap Concepts
  • HP-UX Swap Types
  • HP-UX Pseudo Swap
  • Creating Swap via the CLI
  • Enabling Swap via /etc/fstab

Session 9: MAINTAINING LOGICAL VOLUMES AND FILE SYSTEMS

  • Defragmenting File Systems
  • Repairing Corrupted File Systems
  • The lost+found Directory
  • Repairing a Damaged HFS File System
  • Repairing a Damaged VXFS File System
  • Repairing a Damaged Root File System
  • Common Errors Found by fsck
  • Monitoring Free Space
  • Extending a Volume Group
  • Reducing a Volume Group
  • Removing a Volume Group
  • Extending a Logical Volume
  • Reducing a Logical Volume
  • Removing a Logical Volume
  • Extending a File System
  • Reducing a File System

HP-UX System Administration Training Course

Course Contents - DAY 4

Session 10: PREPARING FOR DISASTERS

  • Dynamic Root Disk
  • DRD Commands Overview
  • Downloading And Installing Dynamic Root Disk
  • Cloning the Active System Image
  • Verifying a DRD Clone’s Status
  • Synchronizing a DRD Clone
  • DRD Sync Preview Command
  • Copying the Files To the Inactive Clone Image
  • DRD Sync System Shutdown Script
  • DRD-Safe Commands And Packages
  • Mounting/Unmounting  the Inactive System Image
  • Performing Tasks on the Inactive System Image
  • Activating/Deactivating the Inactive System Image
  • Cloning (Golden image) / Backing up the Root Disk

Session 11: ACCESSING THE SYSTEM CONSOLE AND THE ILO/MP

  • Introduction to iLO 2
  • Ports and LEDs
  • HP Integrity Server Blade Components
  • HP Integrity rx2660 Server Components
  • HP Integrity rx3600 and rx6600 Server Components
  • iLO 2 MP Status LEDs
  • iLO 2 MP Reset Button
  • Resetting Local User Accounts To Default Values
  • Getting Connected to iLO 2
  • Logging In to iLO 2
  • Accessing the Host (Operating System) Console
  • Accessing a Text Host Console Using the TUI
  • Using iLO 2
  • iLO 2 TUI Command Menu
  • iLO 2 Web GUI

Session 12: HP-UX KERNEL CONFIGURATION

  • Kernel Configuration Interfaces
  • Kernel Management Commands
  • Tuneable Manual Pages
  • Managing Kernel Configurations Using Kcweb
  • The Web Based Interface Of Kcweb
  • Managing Saved Configurations
  • The Kernel System File
  • Managing The System File
  • Managing Modules Via The System File
  • Managing Tunables Via The System File
  • Applying System File Changes
  • Booting Using A Non-Default Configuration

Session 13: CONFIGURING DEVICE SPECIAL FILES (DSF)

  • Legacy and Agile Naming Models SD-UX Structure
  • Agile View
  • Persistent Device Special File (DSF) Naming Scheme
  • Disk Device File Naming Convention
  • Tape Device Special File Naming Convention
  • Array Controller and Other Device File Naming
  • Legacy DSF's
  • Legacy View Major And Minor Numbers
  • Agile and Views in ioscan
  • Mapping Between Legacy DSF's and Persistent DSF's
  • Creating Device Special Files Manually
  • Removing DFS's

HP-UX System Administration Training Course

Course Contents - DAY 5

Session 14: MANAGING SOFTWARE WITH SD-UX

  • Software Distribution Overview
  • SD-UX Structure
  • SD-UX Commands
  • SD-UX Daemons
  • Glossary of Terms
  • The Installed Produce Database (IDP)
  • Using SD Commands
  • Listing Installed Software
  • Managing Software Depots
  • Installing Software
  • Verifying Installed Software
  • Removing Installed Software

Session 15: MANAGING PATCHES WITH SD-UX

  • Managing Patches
  • Patch Naming Conventions
  • Listing Installed Patches
  • Patch State
  • Acquiring Individual Patches
  • Installing Individual Patches
  • Installing Patches from CD/DVD
  • Installing Patches from Tape
  • Verifying a Patch
  • Rolling Back a Patch
  • Committing a Patch
  • The Patch Assessment Tool
  • The Security Patch Tool
  • The HP-UX Software Assistant (SWA)

Session 16: INSTALLING THE OS WITH IGNITE-UX

  • System Recovery Using Ignite-UX
  • Setting up an Ignite-UX Server
  • Ignite-UX Software Requirements
  • Installing Ignite-UX Software on the Server
  • Creating the HP-UX Depot
  • Creating the HP-UX OE Configuration Information
  • Configure the System as an Ignite-UX Server
  • Cold-installing a Client Across the Network
  • Boot the Client System from the Ignite-UX Server
  • Installing HP-UX Using the Client Console
  • Creating a Golden Image

Session 17: WORKSHOP EXERCISES

  • HP-UX 11 System Administration Course Workshops

Session 18: WORKSHOP SOLUTIONS

  • HP-UX 11 System Administration Course Workshops Solutions

Addendum: Reference Materials (provided within the course handbook for additional reading)

  • Appendix 1 - Node and Virtual Partitioning
  • Appendix 2 - The Veritas Volume Manager
  • Appendix 3 - File & File System Backup and Restore

Exams & Certification

Exams are not included as part of the course.

This course, together with the HP-UX Fundamentals course, covers some of the topics required for the  HP-UX 11i v3 System Administration (HP0-P20) exam.

Before taking any exam, ensure you have the recommended experience.  The HP-UX website lists all exam requirements and these are updated regularly.

 

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